Appeared in Spring 1990, Vol. XVI, No. 1

Fr. Schall has been a frequent contributor to this journal. In this essay he examines the political philosophy of the Middle Ages in contrast to modern political theory.

1) What is Political Philosophy?
Medieval political philosophy must be understood in the light of philosophy itself and in the preliminary light of political philosophy. Philosophy depends in some sense on political philosophy, that is, the political realm must let what is not political its own autonomy and be pursued in its own right. Otherwise, what is not political will not be allowed presence within the realm of the polls. The essential questions of political philosophy itself, however, are these:

a) What is the best city and where is it located?

b) What is happiness?

c) What is the contribution of politics to happiness?

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