Appeared in Vol. XI, No. 1, 2

Most historical studies of the twentieth century have focused attention upon the two great World Wars. Little consideration has been paid to the history of Europe between the two great con icts. John Rao explores, in this article, the efforts of two Catholic reformers whose work took place dur- ing this period. Antonio de Oliveira Salazar of Portugal and Engelbert Dollfuss of Austria both attempted to apply Christian social principles to their countries with varying degrees of success during this stormy period.

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