Appeared in Vol. 3 No. 3

One of the most difficult problems in human understanding centers on the relationship among God’s knowledge, His providential direction of the universe, and human freedom. In the commentary which follows, Kristin Popik examines the arguments on God’s perfect knowledge advanced by St. Thomas Aquinas, and shows how such knowledge need neither force events nor violate free will. The article makes a number of valuable distinctions regarding both knowledge and time which enable the reader to perceive rightly that God knows all things, including ourselves and our future actions, without controlling our free response to His grace. In an age characterized by determinism on the one hand and insecurity on the other, the author’s conclusion is reassuring. It is also fully compatible with the teachings of the Church.

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